How does IUD work?

IUD is an intrauterine birth control device; it works by preventing the sperm from meeting the egg. Firstly, by making it difficult for the sperm to move and further possibly by preventing the egg from implanting in the wall of the uterus.

Why is IUD the ideal partner in Family Planning?
  • Single insertion leads to effective long term prevention of pregnancy.
  • No interference with sex.
  • No hormonal side effects, it is safe even for breast feeding mothers.
  • Fertility restored immediately after removal of IUD.
  • No interactions with other medicines.
  • Convenient and user friendly, no problem of storage.
  • CCan be inserted any time during the menstrual cycle.
  • Can be inserted immediately after childbirth or abortion.
  • Ensures Secrecy as well as religious needs.
  • Can be checked whether in place or not.
Who can use IUD?
  • Any woman, who wants to space her children
  • Has borne a child / children
  • Has only one sexual partner (Low Risk of STD)
  • Is Breast feeding
  • Has just had an abortion (with no evidence / risk of STD)
What is the right time for insertion?

IUD can be inserted any time during the menstrual cycle if it is reasonably sure that :-

  • The woman is not pregnant or have STD
  • After childbirth
  • After abortion provided the uterus is not infected
Should a Woman have a "Rest period" after using IUD for the recommended time?

This is not necessary. There is a less risk of Pelvic infection in replacing the IUD at one time than in two separate procedures. Also the woman may get Pregnant in the meanwhile.

What are the side effects of IUD?

A device may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if any do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your health care professional immediately if any of the following side effects occur.

More common: Faintness, dizziness or sharp pain at the time of IUD insertion; increased amount of menstrual bleeding at regular monthly periods; normal menstrual bleeding occurring earlier or lasting longer than expected

Less common: Abnormal vaginal bleeding (mild to moderate) not associated with a menstrual period; abdominal pain (dull or aching), odorous vaginal discharge, pain on urination with increased urge to urinate, and unusual vaginal bleeding

Rare: Abdominal pain or cramping, fever, nausea and vomiting; painful sexual intercourse; unusual tiredness or weakness, and increased menstrual bleeding.

Other side effect may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the device.

When does IUD need to be replaced?

IUD needs to be replaced within 10 years in case of T Cu 380A, within 5 years in case of Copper 375 (Cu 375), CuT 380 Plus and TCu 380Ag and within 3 years in case of CuT 200 B and Copper 250 (Cu 250).

Know the facts!!

Xmyth IUD prevents a woman from having babies after it is removed.
Xmyth Fertility is restored immediately on removal of IUD so she can become pregnant as quickly as a woman who has not used IUD.
Xmyth IUD has to be inserted only during menstrual periods.
Xmyth IUD can be inserted any time during the menstrual cycle. Insertion however may be easier & cause less pain during menstruation.
Xmyth Several follow-up visits are necessary after insertion.
Xmyth Only one follow-up visit is necessary to make sure IUD is in place and no infection is present, she may however visit the primary health centre for clarification of doubts if any.
Xmyth IUD can travel to other parts of the body.
Xmyth IUD normally stays within the uterus (Womb) It never travels to any other part of the body.
Xmyth IUD causes discomfort to a woman's sexual partner.
Xmyth Generally, a man can't feel the IUD. However he may feel the strings at times. If this bothers him, the strings could be TCu shorter.
Xmyth IUD causes STD / PID.
Xmyth IUD does NOT cause STD. However, it does NOT protect against STD. So that for Woman at a high risk for STD, IUD may not be the right method of contraception.
Xmyth IUD causes Cancer.
Xmyth IUD has been thoroughly tested and its safety is established. There is no increased cancer risk with IUD.
Xmyth IUD has many side effects.
Xmyth Commonly seen side effects like longer and slightly heavier menstrual periods, bleeding/ spotting between periods or pain during periods normally lesser in 3 months.