IUD is an intrauterine birth control device; it works by preventing the sperm from meeting the egg. Firstly, by making it difficult for the sperm to move and further possibly by preventing the egg from implanting in the wall of the uterus.
IUD can be inserted any time during the menstrual cycle if it is reasonably sure that :-
This is not necessary. There is a less risk of Pelvic infection in replacing the IUD at one time than in two separate procedures. Also the woman may get Pregnant in the meanwhile.
A device may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if any do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your health care professional immediately if any of the following side effects occur.
More common: Faintness, dizziness or sharp pain at the time of IUD insertion, increased amount of menstrual bleeding at regular monthly periods, normal menstrual bleeding occurring earlier or lasting longer than expected
Less common: Abnormal vaginal bleeding (mild to moderate) not associated with a menstrual period, abdominal pain (dull or aching), odorous vaginal discharge, pain on urination with increased urge to urinate, and unusual vaginal bleeding
Rare: Abdominal pain or cramping, fever, nausea and vomiting, painful sexual intercourse, unusual tiredness or weakness
Other side effect may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the device.
IUD needs to be replaced within 10 years in case of T Cu 380A, within 5 years in case of Copper 375 (Cu 375), CuT 380 Plus and TCu 380Ag and within 3 years in case of CuT 200 B and Copper 250 (Cu 250).
IUD prevents a woman from having babies after it is removed.
Fertility is restored immediately on removal of IUD so she can become pregnant as quickly as a woman who has not used IUD.
IUD has to be inserted only during menstrual periods.
IUD can be inserted any time during the menstrual cycle. Insertion however may be easier & cause less pain during menstruation.
Several follow-up visits are necessary after insertion.
Only one follow-up visit is necessary to make sure IUD is in place and no infection is present, she may however visit the primary health centre for clarification of doubts if any.
IUD can travel to other parts of the body.
IUD normally stays within the uterus (womb). It never travels to any other part of the body.
IUD causes discomfort to a woman's sexual partner.
Generally, a man can't feel the IUD. However he may feel the strings at times. If this bothers him, the strings could be cut shorter.
IUD causes STD / PID.
IUD does NOT cause STD. However, it does NOT protect against STD. So that for Woman at a high risk for STD, IUD may not be the right method of contraception.
IUD causes Cancer.
IUD has been thoroughly tested and its safety is established. There is no increased cancer risk with IUD.
IUD has many side effects.
Commonly seen side effects like longer and slightly heavier menstrual periods, bleeding/ spotting between periods or pain during periods normally lessen in 3 months.